Kolloquium/Vortragsreihe zu aktuellen Themen im Wintersemester 2020/21
The anti-nuclear movement in Japan after the Asia-Pacific War has been very dynamic, changing its nature and focus with the fluctuations in the domestic and international political opportunities and constrains. From the mid- 1950s, after the incident with the fishing vessel Lucky Dragon, the movement evolved from the anti-war, peace and anti-nuclear (hansen, heiwa, hankaku) movement, which focused primarily on abolition of war and nuclear weapons, into the protests against construction of nuclear power plants and lawsuits for damages in the 1970s. In the following decade of the 1980s after the Chernobyl accident, the movement encompassed the calls for abolition of nuclear energy in Japan under the slogan of opposition to the nuclear power plants (han/datsugenpatsu). During the lecture I will analyze the post-Fukushima (new) antinuclear movement in comparison to those previous (old) movements focusing on such issues as: organizational structures, mobilization strategies, repertoire of protests and issue framing. Drawing on the sociological methodology of social movement theory and political studies’ theory of civil society, as well as the results from the field work conducted in Japan in 2013-2014, I will underscore the mechanisms of networking, professionalization and specialization, and furthermore, the development of the narrative of the ‘common people’ protest – as one of the key features of the post-Fukushima anti-nuclear movement. Finally, I will comment on the consequences of the movement for the national energy policy.
Prof. Beata Bochorodycz holds MA in Japanese studies from Adam Mickiewicz University (AMU) in Poznan, Poland, MA in law (political science major) from the Kyushu University in Fukuoka, PhD and habilitated PhD in political science from the Polish Academy of Sciences. She has been working for the past 10 years at AMU teaching modern political and social history of Japan, Japanese politics, and foreign policy with a focus on US-Japan relation and the Okinawa issue. She has been a Fellow of the International Rotary Club (1993-1995), the Japanese Ministry of Education (1997-2001), Japan Foundation (2013-2014) and the Fulbright Foundation (2018-2019). Her work and research experience include such institutions as: at Kyushu University, Yokohama National University, GRIPS, SOAS, George Washington University, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Torun, and SWPS University of Social Sciences and Humanities in Warsaw. She is an author and co-author of several publications on Japan, including Fukushima a społeczeństwo obywatelskie. Japoński ruch denuklearny w perspektywie politologiczno-socjologicznej [Fukushima and civil society: Japanese denuclear movement from the socio-political perspective] (Wydawnictwo UAM, 2018) – to be translated into English, Japan’s Foreign Policy Making (Springer, 2018, together with Karol Zakowski and Marcin Socha).